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Title -  James Watt, Scottish Inventor & Chemist


Description -  Carl Fredric von Breda portrait of James Watt, (January 30, 1736 - August 25, 1819), Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer, and chemist who improved on Thomas Newcomen's 1712 Newcomen steam engine with his Watt steam engine in 1776, which was fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world.


While working as an instrument maker at the University of Glasgow, Watt became interested in the technology of steam engines.  He realised that contemporary engine designs wasted a great deal of energy by repeatedly cooling and reheating the cylinder. Watt introduced a design enhancement, the separate condenser, which avoided this waste of energy and radically improved the power, efficiency, and cost-effectiveness of steam engines. 


Eventually he adapted his engine to produce rotary motion, greatly broadening its use beyond pumping water. Watt attempted to commercialise his invention, but experienced great financial difficulties until he entered a partnership with Matthew Boulton in 1775.  The new firm of Boulton and Watt was eventually highly successful and Watt became a wealthy man. In his retirement, Watt continued to develop new inventions though none was as significant as his steam engine work. 


He developed the concept of horsepower, and the SI unit of power, the watt, was named after him.  


Description Source -  Wikipedia


Year -  1792

James Watt, Scottish Inventor & Chemist - Horsepower Originator

SKU: FF-0276
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  • New borderless print
    Heavy-weight professional media
    Coated for water-resistance
    Acid free to prevent yellowing
    Selected sizes are approximate

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